Geological Wonders in China

As one of the biggest countries in the world, China has almost all of the geological structures. We have selected some of the geological wonders of different types in China on the tour, and will have experts to give professional talks on each geological site.

Day 1 – Arrive in Beijing, transfer to hotel.

Day 2 – Visit Great Wall of Beijing and the famous Yanshan Mountain, one of the most well-known mountains in North China. In late Mesozoic, strong tectonic movements folded mountain ranges and later the movements are named “Yan Mountain movement”, from which the landform of East China was shaped.

Day 3 – Take high speed train from Beijing to Luoyang in Henan province. Visit Longmen Buddhist Grottoes in the afternoon.

Day 4 – Visit Songshan Mountain and Shaolin Temple with long history of Kungfu in China, and the birthplace of the Zen sect in Buddhism. Visit National Geo-Park in Songshan Mountain covers an area of about 450 square kilometers. Its main geological remains are geological and tectonic sections, famous for the completely exposed stratigraphic sections and three unconformity formed in Precambrian tectonic movement. The experts name the area “the textbook of geohistory’’, which is also one of best areas in researching the earth crust evolution in the early stage.

Day 5 – Visit Zhongyue Temple for the mountain Gods in China, and Songyang Shuyuan (academy of classical learning). Take bullet train to Xi’an.

Day 6 – Take bullet train from Xi’ an to Yan’an city, the most important base of communist party and Red Army in WW II after the Long March. This part of China is also known as “The Loess Plateau’’. It has 70% of the loess deposition in the world, which is 400,000 square kilometers, and 50-80 meters deep. It was formed in the early Pleistocene, Middle Pleistocene, and late Pleistocene. Local people have been digging cave on vertical loess side for living houses for hundreds of years here, which have been the traditional housing in loess areas in China.

Day 7 – Visit Yan’an. The villages with cave houses and Yang Jialing, Chairman Mao’s old residence in 1930s-1940s. Take bullet Train from Yan’ an to Xi’an.

Day 8 – Take bullet Train from Xi’an to Baoji city, the second biggest city in Shanxi province. Baoji is known as “the hometown of Yan God” (one of Chinese ancestors 6000 years ago in Chinese legends, who firstly told Chinese to make farming tools and grow crops), “hometown of bronze wares”, and “hometown of handicrafts” in China. Visit Famen Temple in the afternoon which is about 1700 years old, where there are relics of Siddhartha Gautama, the founder of Buddhism.

Day 9 – Visit Tiantaishan, the peak of Qinling Mountain; which is 3771 meters above sea level. Qinling Mountain goes east to west for 1600km in middle China, served as the main geographical divide of northern and southern China, to north of which is Loess Plateau and the south is Chengdu Plain. People on both sides of the mountain live very differently at all aspects of life.

Day 10 – Fly Xi’an to Chongqing in the morning, the biggest city in China by the Yangtze River. Drive to Wulong city from the airport, without going into the downtown of Chongqing.

Day 11 – Visit Wulong World Natural Heritage. The geo-park has an area of 454 square kilometers, one of the biggest Karst areas in China, with caves, sinkholes, gorges, slits and stone forest in it.

Day 12 – Fly Chongqing to Kunming, transfer to Stone Forest Geo-park. Visit local Yi people’s villages if time permits.

Day 13 – Visit Stone Forest in the morning. The Stone Forest is the only karst landscape in subtropical plateau, covering an area of 400 square kilometers, which was formed 270 million years ago. It is also the only karst landscape which can fully show the evolution history of the earth from the development of stone forest and its remains here. Drive to Yuanmou city in Chuxiong in the afternoon.

Day 14 – Visit the Earth Forest in Yuanmou in the morning, formed some 150 million years ago. The Earth Forest here is claimed to be the most beautiful one in the world, with quarts and agates shining on the pinnacles in the sunlight. It was formed by sacrificial runoff and rainfall erosions, as the lithology, consolidation, moisture content and the dilatability in the earth are different. Drive to Nujiangba town in the afternoon.

Day 15 – Visit Salween River Gorge and the local Lisu people’s villages. The Salween Gorge is believed to be one of the longest, most mysterious, beautiful and primitive gorges in the world, locating at the junction of the Asia-Europe and Indo-China plates, and its unique structure formed the large longitudinal valleys of Hengduan Mountain system.

Day 16 – Drive Nujiangba to Tengchong, the last town of Southwest Silk Road in China. Visit local Dai people’s villages en route, which are very closely related to Thai in Thailand. They both believe in Hynayana Buddhism. Climbing Gao Ligong Mountain, “the gene pool of plants” where people found the oldest tree azalea, and the boundary of China and Burma.

Day 17 – Visit Volcano Geological Park, one of the Four Top Volcano Areas in China, with 97 Cenozoic volcanoes. There are large number and different kinds of cones, lava, lakes,and columnar joints, which are in good condition, and in the leading position in the country.

Day 18 – Fly Tengchong to Kunming, connecting your flights home.

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